Heart disease is the world’s No. 1 killer, taking the lives of around 18 million people per year. Fortunately, the disease is largely treatable. By changing some daily habits, you can even prevent any heart problems from affecting your well-being. Your doctor can help you determine how to keep your heart pumping efficiently and functioning properly.
Types of heart disease
Cardiovascular conditions come in many forms. When the heart’s electrical system is not working correctly, the person has what is known as an arrhythmia. When this is present, the heart beats too quickly or too slowly. Diseases can affect the arteries and blood vessels as well. Fatty plaque buildups can restrict blood flow throughout the body. Other heart disease types affect the muscles or the heart structure because of infections.
A healthy diet
To avoid heart disease, people can maintain a good diet. Eating foods low in saturated and trans fats will lower cholesterol, which will help prevent blood clots and blockage in the vessels. Reducing the consumption of salty and sugary foods can regulate a person’s blood pressure. This will promote proper heart function and blood flow. People of all ages should focus on eating plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Cutting out red meat and replacing it with poultry will also help.
Get up and get active
Daily exercise is critical to preventing heart disease. People should commit to daily workouts of at least 30 minutes. Aerobic routines such as brisk walking or jogging are effective. Strength-building exercises are also effective. Staying active will strengthen the heart and contribute to lower cholesterol and a healthy blood pressure.
Tobacco use can lead to many health issues, including lung cancer. Smoking also affects the heart and cardiovascular system. Tobacco increases a person’s heart rate and tightens vessels. It can also have negative consequences on an individual’s heart rhythm. People who smoke should visit their doctor and get help to stop. Those who do not smoke should never start.
Get more sleep
A good night’s rest is vital to a person’s overall health and wellness. Adults should strive to sleep at least seven or eight hours a night. Uninterrupted sleep is important, regardless of the time of day. People should establish a pattern and stick to it. Sleeping well ensures that the heart does not have to work as hard.
Cut back on stress
Everyone feels some stress to some degree. Excessive stress can lead to heart disease by elevating the person’s blood pressure and heart rate. Relaxation and meditation techniques can help people manage these feelings. If possible, people should try to eliminate the sources of their stress.
You can do something about your heart health
While some people are born with congenital heart disease, you can avoid cardiovascular problems in most cases. Some basic lifestyle changes can have a significant effect on how you feel and how your heart works. A good diet and an active body can reduce your risk of developing concerning conditions. If you are worried about your heart, call your doctor and schedule an appointment to discuss treatment and prevention options.
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